Phone Use and Novice Drivers
On June 3, 2003, The National Transportation Safety Board issued
recommendation on distraction to drivers from interactive wireless
The National Transportation Safety Board is an independent
agency charged by Congress with investigating every civil
accident in the United States and significant accidents (including
selected highway accidents) in the other modes of transportation
highway, marine and pipeline -- and issuing safety recommendations
at preventing future accidents.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: June 3, 2003 SB-03-20
NTSB SAYS NOVICE DRIVERS SHOULD BE PROHIBITED FROM USING
WHILE AT THE WHEEL
WASHINGTON, D.C. - The National Transportation Safety Board
that the nation's driver education courses should include
the dangers of distracted driving, and novice drivers should
prohibited from using cell phones while at the wheel.
These were two of the recommendations contained in the Board's
report on its investigation into a highway crash last year
that took the
lives of 5 persons, including a driver who was using a wireless
at the moment she lost control of her vehicle.
On February 1, 2002, at about 8:00 p.m., a Ford Explorer
northbound on Interstate 95/495 (the Capital Beltway) near
Maryland at an estimated speed of 70 to 75 miles an hour when
off the left side of the roadway, crossed over the median,
guardrail, flipped over and landed on top of a southbound
Windstar minivan. All 5 persons in the two vehicles were killed.
The Board found that the probable cause of the crash was
driver's failure to maintain control of her vehicle in the
conditions due to a combination of inexperience, unfamiliarity
vehicle (she had just purchased it that evening), speed and
caused by use of a handheld wireless telephone.
The Safety Board has long been concerned with the issues
driving and novice drivers. The Board recommended to all States
New Jersey, which already has a similar proscription - to
holders of learner's permits and intermediate licenses from
interactive wireless communication devices while driving.
"Learning how to drive and getting comfortable in traffic
the concentration a novice driver can muster," NTSB Chairman
Engleman said. "Adding a distracting element like a cell
placing too many demands on a young driver's skills."
The Board also urged the National Highway Traffic Safety
to develop a media campaign stressing the dangers of distracted
and that it work with the American Driver and Traffic Safety
Association to develop driver training curricula that emphasize
risks of distracted driving.
The Board cited a study showing that drivers engaged in phone
conversations were unaware of traffic movements around them.
In addition, the Board said that NHTSA should determine the
and impact of driver-controlled, in- vehicle distractions,
use of interactive wireless communication devices, on highway
report its findings to the United States Congress and the
NTSB noted that the extent of wireless phone use in car crashes
unknown because most jurisdictions don't have driver distraction
on their accident report forms. The Board recommended that
States change their forms to add driver distraction codes
wireless phone use in those codes.
Relating to another issue raised during this investigation,
recommended that NHTSA expand its current evaluation of electronic
stability control (ESC) systems and determine their potential
assisting drivers in maintaining control of passenger cars,
trucks, sport utility vehicles and vans. Should this evaluation
benefits in ESCs, then NHTSA should develop a schedule to
for these vehicles. The Board noted in today's report that
such a device
might have helped the driver of the Explorer in the Largo
control of her vehicle.
The Largo crash once again demonstrated the benefits of seatbelt
The driver of the Explorer, who was not wearing her seatbelt,
ejected and killed (because of the severity of the impact,
seat belt use
was not an issue for the four persons in the Windstar). However,
the accident sequence a Jeep Grand Cherokee ran into the wreckage
minivan; the adult driver and the two children in the back
seat were all
restrained and escaped with minor injuries.
"The NTSB will continue to be aggressive in pursuit
of safety," Chairman
Engleman stated. "It is not enough to issue these recommendations,
want to make sure they are implemented."
A summary of today's report, including the findings, probable
safety recommendations, can be found on the Publications page
Board's web site, http://www.ntsb.gov. The complete report
available there in about six weeks.
NTSB Press Contact: Ted Lopatkiewicz (202) 314-6100
NTSB Home | News & Events
Informant: Janet Newton, The EMR Policy Institute, P.O. Box
Marshfield VT 05658, Tel: (802) 426-3035, FAX: (802) 426-3030
Web Site: http://www.emrpolicy.org
I am looking for contact with hematologist / EMF specialist
to speak of :
Indeed, we often hear that there are no explanations concerning
connection between children leukaemia and EMF
Nevertheless we can note that the maturity of lymphocytes
makes in the
thymus and so if this one is a target of the EMF it explains
majority of leukaemia lymphoblastic and the ascendancy at
(the thymus disappears in the adolescence).
Of more the thymus possess a barrier blood-thymus equivalent
in the BBB
(which is altered with the radiofrequencies) and the breaks
of this BTB
were recently made responsible for a following cancerization.
Dr Richard GAUTIER
Can you help
Torts are always difficult; those in the area of RF radiation
The way we make progress, however, is to do what is right,
the difficulty. Someone must be first to "stick his neck
out", as we
unfortunately say in the US. While we support this woman and
son in hoping for healing, we should help toward resolving
injustice, as well.
"We must use time wisely and forever realize that the
time is ripe to do
what is right." ~ Nelson Mandela
"The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is
for good men to do
nothing." ~ Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
"There may be times when we are powerless to prevent
there must never be a time when we fail to protest."
~ Elie Wiesel
There is no doubt that he will sue, and try, etc. That is
question, but the thing that makes this case hard is that
cannot say what kind of tumor he exactly has- so it is hard
it to the specific research on the same cancer-Newman at least
What he can do is to demonstrate the biological damages like
but then, when I read about Newman's case, I saw they are
details: That THIS particular cancer is caused by THAT level
radiation (will have to measure the exact level from his Nokia).
israeli judges are conservative, (like most of the judges
in the world
I guess) and the companies...well, you already know them...
MAY YOU SEND SOME THING ABOUT THE EFECTS OF 8.2 MHZ RF IN
Save Mauna Kea
Help us to defend our sacred mountain. From: Royal Order
I, Mauna Kea Anaina Hou, Sierra Club, Fegerstrom, Ching KAHEA
Mauna Kea belongs to everyone it is the life giver for all
and needs our
As many of you know a number of organizations and members
community petitioned the BLNR to deny the University of Hawai'i
Institute for Astronomy (UHIFA) application to operate and
NASA/KECK Outrigger Telescopes in the Conservation District
of Mauna Kea.
The UHIFA has requested that the BLNR grant their Conservation
Use Application (CDUA). The Project proposes the construction
Outrigger Telescopes around the 2 Keck Telescopes.
The mirrors are 6 feet across, the dome enclosures that house
them are 3
stories high. Each of the two Keck Telescopes are each about
high (121 feet). Therefore, the whole Project will consists
of six 3
story buildings surrounding two 12 story buildings on a 5
acre area on
the Summit of Mauna Kea.
The Board of Land and Natural Resources (BLNR) granted a
Hearing (CCH) proceeding to review the UH Institute of Astronomy's
On June 6, 2003 the CCH Hearing Officer filed Proposed Finding
Conclusions of Law, Decision and Order to the BLNR.
To summarize, the Hearings Officer found that UHIFA failed
to produce a
Management Plan as required by state rules and regulations,
that the UHIFA's CDUA application should be approved, under
conditions that the UHIFA submit an "after the fact"
Management Plan, by
July 18, 2003 for BLNR Approval.
On June 26, 2003 at 2:30 p.m., the BLNR will hear oral arguments
regarding the Hearing Officer's Finding of Fact, etc. by the
and the UHIFA.
The BLNR will also be taking public testimony. Please try
to appear if
at all possible and show your support.
Please take a short moment and let the Board of Land and
Resources know that you think the sacred mountain of Mauna
to have a full review of the potential impacts to the fragile
and to cultural practices of any proposed development on its
Case for A GM-Free Sustainable World
Why GM Free?
1. GM crops failed to deliver promised benefits
The consistent finding from independent research and on-farm
since 1999 is that GM crops have failed to deliver the promised
of significantly increasing yields or reducing herbicide and
use. GM crops have cost the United States an estimated $12
farm subsidies, lost sales and product recalls due to transgenic
contamination. Massive failures in Bt cotton of up to 100%
Biotech corporations have suffered rapid decline since 2000,
investment advisors forecast no future for the agricultural
Meanwhile worldwide resistance to GM has reached a climax
in 2002 when
Zambia refused GM maize in food aid despite the threat of
2. GM crops posing escalating problems on the farm
The instability of transgenic lines has plagued the industry
beginning, and this may be responsible for a string of major
failures. A review in 1994 stated, "While there are some
plants which show stable expression of a transgene these may
prove to be
the exceptions to the rule. In an informal survey of over
involved in the commercialisation of transgenic crop plants...almost
of the respondents indicated that they had observed some level
transgene inaction. Many respondents indicated that most cases
transgene inactivation never reach the literature."
Triple herbicide-tolerant oilseed rape volunteers that have
transgenic and non-transgenic traits are now widespread in
Similar multiple herbicide-tolerant volunteers and weeds have
the United States. In the United States, glyphosate-tolerant
plaguing GM cotton and soya fields, and atrazine, one of the
herbicides, has had to be used with glufosinate-tolerant GM
Bt biopesticide traits are simultaneously threatening to
superweeds and Bt- resistant pests.
3. Extensive transgenic contamination unavoidable
Extensive transgenic contamination has occurred in maize
growing in remote regions in Mexico despite an official moratorium
has been in place since 1998. High levels of contamination
been found in Canada. In a test of 33 certified seed stocks,
New research shows that transgenic pollen, wind-blown and
elsewhere, or fallen directly to the ground, is a major source
transgenic contamination. Contamination is generally acknowledged
be unavoidable, hence there can be no co-existence of transgenic
4. GM crops not safe
Contrary to the claims of proponents, GM crops have not been
safe. The regulatory framework was fatally flawed from the
start. It was
based on an anti-precautionary approach designed to expedite
approval at the expense of safety considerations. The principle
'substantial equivalence', on which risk assessment is based,
intended to be vague and ill-defined, thereby giving companies
licence in claiming transgenic products 'substantially equivalent'
non-transgenic products, and hence 'safe'.
5. GM food raises serious safety concerns
There have been very few credible studies on GM food safety.
Nevertheless, the available findings already give cause for
the still only systematic investigation on GM food ever carried
the world, 'growth factor-like' effects were found in the
small intestine of young rats that were not fully accounted
for by the
transgene product, and were hence attributable to the transgenic
or the transgenic construct, and may hence be general to all
There have been at least two other, more limited, studies
raised serious safety concerns.
6. Dangerous gene products are incorporated into crops
Bt proteins, incorporated into 25% of all transgenic crops
have been found harmful to a range of non-target insects.
Some of them
are also potent immunogens and allergens. A team of scientists
cautioned against releasing Bt crops for human use.
Food crops are increasingly used to produce pharmaceuticals
including cytokines known to suppress the immune system, induce
and central nervous system toxicity; interferon alpha, reported
dementia, neurotoxicity and mood and cognitive side effects;
and viral sequences such as the 'spike' protein gene of the
coronavirus, in the same family as the SARS virus linked to
epidemic. The glycoprotein gene gp120 of the AIDS virus HIV-1,
incorporated into GM maize as a 'cheap, edible oral vaccine',
yet another biological time-bomb, as it can interfere with
system and recombine with viruses and bacteria to generate
7. Terminator crops spread male sterility
Crops engineered with 'suicide' genes for male sterility
promoted as a means of 'containing', i.e., preventing, the
transgenes. In reality, the hybrid crops sold to farmers spread
male sterile suicide genes as well herbicide tolerance genes
8. Broad-spectrum herbicides highly toxic to humans and other
Glufosinate ammonium and glyphosate are used with the herbicide-tolerant
transgenic crops that currently account for 75% of all transgenic
worldwide. Both are systemic metabolic poisons expected to
have a wide
range of harmful effects, and these have been confirmed.
Glufosinate ammonium is linked to neurological, respiratory,
gastrointestinal and haematological toxicities, and birth
humans and mammals. It is toxic to butterflies and a number
insects, also to the larvae of clams and oysters, Daphnia
freshwater fish, especially the rainbow trout. It inhibits
soil bacteria and fungi, especially those that fix nitrogen.
Glyphosate is the most frequent cause of complaints and poisoning
UK. Disturbances of many body functions have been reported
exposures at normal use levels.
Glyphosate exposure nearly doubled the risk of late spontaneous
abortion, and children born to users of glyphosate had elevated
neurobehavioral defects. Glyphosate caused retarded development
foetal skeleton in laboratory rats. Glyphosate inhibits the
steroids, and is genotoxic in mammals, fish and frogs. Field
exposure of earthworms caused at least 50 percent mortality
significant intestinal damage among surviving worms. Roundup
division dysfunction that may be linked to human cancers.
The known effects of both glufosinate and glyphosate are
serious for all further uses of the herbicides to be halted.
9. Genetic engineering creates super-viruses
By far the most insidious dangers of genetic engineering
are inherent to
the process itself, which greatly enhances the scope and probability
horizontal gene transfer and recombination, the main route
viruses and bacteria that cause disease epidemics. This was
in 2001, by the 'accidental' creation of a killer mouse virus
course of an apparently innocent genetic engineering experiment.
Newer techniques, such as DNA shuffling are allowing geneticists
create in a matter of minutes in the laboratory millions of
viruses that have never existed in billions of years of evolution.
Disease-causing viruses and bacteria and their genetic material
predominant materials and tools for genetic engineering, as
much as for
the intentional creation of bio-weapons.
10. Transgenic DNA in food taken up by bacteria in human
There is already experimental evidence that transgenic DNA
has been taken up by bacteria in the soil and in the gut of
volunteers. Antibiotic resistance marker genes can spread
transgenic food to pathogenic bacteria, making infections
11. Transgenic DNA and cancer
Transgenic DNA is known to survive digestion in the gut and
to jump into
the genome of mammalian cells, raising the possibility for
The possibility cannot be excluded that feeding GM products
maize to animals also carries risks, not just for the animals
for human beings consuming the animal products.
12. CaMV 35S promoter increases horizontal gene transfer
Evidence suggests that transgenic constructs with the CaMV
might be especially unstable and prone to horizontal gene
recombination, with all the attendant hazards: gene mutations
random insertion, cancer, reactivation of dormant viruses
of new viruses. This promoter is present in most GM crops
13. A history of misrepresentation and suppression of scientific
There has been a history of misrepresentation and suppression
scientific evidence, especially on horizontal gene transfer.
experiments failed to be performed, or were performed badly
misrepresented. Many experiments were not followed up, including
investigations on whether the CaMV 35S promoter is responsible
'growth-factor-like' effects observed in young rats fed GM
In conclusion, GM crops have failed to deliver the promised
are posing escalating problems on the farm. Transgenic contamination
now widely acknowledged to be unavoidable, and hence there
can be no
co-existence of GM and non-GM agriculture. Most important
of all, GM
crops have not been proven safe. On the contrary, sufficient
has emerged to raise serious safety concerns, that if ignored
result in irreversible damage to health and the environment.
should be firmly rejected now.
Why Sustainable Agriculture?
1. Higher productivity and yields, especially in the Third
Some 8.98 million farmers have adopted sustainable agriculture
on 28.92 million hectares in Asia, Latin America and Africa.
data from 89 projects show higher productivity and yields:
increase in yield for rainfed crops, and 5-10% for irrigated
successes include Burkina Faso, which turned a cereal deficit
of 644 kg
per year to an annual surplus of 153 kg; Ethiopia, where 12
households enjoyed 60% increase in crop yields; and Honduras
Guatemala, where 45 000 families increased yields from 400-600
2 000-2 500 kg/ha.
Long-term studies in industrialised countries show yields
comparable to conventional agriculture, and sometimes higher.
2. Better soils
Sustainable agricultural practices tend to reduce soil erosion,
as improve soil physical structure and water-holding capacity,
crucial in averting crop failures during periods of drought.
Soil fertility is maintained or increased by various sustainable
agriculture practices. Studies show that soil organic matter
nitrogen levels are higher in organic than in conventional
Biological activity has also been found to be higher in organic
There are more earthworms, arthropods, mycorrhizal and other
micro-organisms, all of which are beneficial for nutrient
suppression of disease.
3. Cleaner environment
There is little or no polluting chemical-input with sustainable
agriculture. Moreover, research suggests that less nitrate
phosphorus are leached to groundwater from organic soils.
Better water infiltration rates are found in organic systems.
they are less prone to erosion and less likely to contribute
pollution from surface runoff.
4. Reduced pesticides and no increase in pests
Organic farming prohibits routine pesticide application.
management has cut the number of pesticide sprays in Vietnam
from 3.4 to
one per season, in Sri Lanka from 2.9 to 0.5 per season, and
Indonesia from 2.9 to 1.1 per season.
Research showed no increase in crop losses due to pest damage,
the withdrawal of synthetic insecticides in Californian tomato
Pest control is achievable without pesticides, reversing
crop losses, as
for example, by using 'trap crops' to attract stem borer,
a major pest
in East Africa. Other benefits of avoiding pesticides arise
utilising the complex inter-relationships between species
5. Supporting biodiversity and using diversity
Sustainable agriculture promotes agricultural biodiversity,
crucial for food security and rural livelihoods. Organic farming
also support much greater biodiversity, benefiting species
Biodiverse systems are more productive than monocultures.
farming systems in Cuba are 1.45 to 2.82 times more productive
monocultures. Thousands of Chinese rice farmers have doubled
nearly eliminated the most devastating disease simply by mixed
of two varieties.
Soil biodiversity is enhanced by organic practices, bringing
effects such as recovery and rehabilitation of degraded soils,
soil structure and water infiltration.
6. Environmentally and economically sustainable
Research on apple production systems ranked the organic system
environmental and economic sustainability, the integrated
and the conventional system last. Organic apples were most
due to price premiums, quicker investment return and fast
A Europe-wide study showed that organic farming performs
conventional farming in the majority of environmental indicators.
review by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
(FAO) concluded that well-managed organic agriculture leads
favourable conditions at all environmental levels.
7. Ameliorating climate change by reducing direct & indirect
Organic agriculture uses energy much more efficiently and
reduces CO2 emissions compared with conventional agriculture,
respect to direct energy consumption in fuel and oil and indirect
consumption in synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.
Sustainable agriculture restores soil organic matter content,
carbon sequestration below ground, thereby recovering an important
carbon sink. Organic systems have shown significant ability
and retain carbon, raising the possibility that sustainable
practices can help reduce the impact of global warming.
Organic agriculture is likely to emit less nitrous dioxide
another important greenhouse gas and also a cause of stratospheric
8. Efficient, profitable production
Any yield reduction in organic agriculture is more than offset
ecological and efficiency gains. Research has shown that the
approach can be commercially viable in the long-term, producing
food per unit of energy or resources.
Data show that smaller farms produce far more per unit area
larger farms characteristic of conventional farming. Though
per unit area of one crop may be lower on a small farm than
on a large
monoculture, the total output per unit area, often composed
of more than
a dozen crops and various animal products, can be far higher.
Production costs for organic farming are often lower than
conventional farming, bringing equivalent or higher net returns
without organic price premiums. When price premiums are factored
organic systems are almost always more profitable.
9. Improved food security and benefits to local communities
A review of sustainable agriculture projects in developing
showed that average food production per household increased
tonnes per year (up 73%) for 4.42 million farmers on 3.58
hectares, bringing food security and health benefits to local
Increasing agricultural productivity has been shown to also
food supplies and raise incomes, thereby reducing poverty,
access to food, reducing malnutrition and improving health
Sustainable agricultural approaches draw extensively on traditional
indigenous knowledge, and place emphasis on the farmers' experience
innovation. This thereby utilises appropriate, low-cost and
available local resources as well as improves farmers' status
autonomy, enhancing social and cultural relations within local
Local means of sale and distribution can generate more money
local economy. For every £1 spent at an organic box
scheme from Cusgarne
Organics (UK), £2.59 is generated for the local economy;
but for every
£1 spent at a supermarket, only £1.40 is generated
for the local
10. Better food quality for health
Organic food is safer, as organic farming prohibits routine
and herbicide use, so harmful chemical residues are rarely
Organic production also bans the use of artificial food additives
as hydrogenated fats, phosphoric acid, aspartame and monosodium
glutamate, which have been linked to health problems as diverse
disease, osteoporosis, migraines and hyperactivity.
Studies have shown that, on average, organic food has higher
higher mineral levels and higher plant phenolics - plant compounds
can fight cancer and heart disease, and combat age-related
dysfunctions - and significantly less nitrates, a toxic compound.
Sustainable agricultural practices have proven beneficial
in all aspects
relevant to health and the environment. In addition, they
security and social and cultural well-being to local communities
everywhere. There is an urgent need for a comprehensive global
all forms of sustainable agriculture.
Science Society Sustainability http://www.i-sis.org.uk