* ISIS miniseries "Fields of Influence" - RE: 13 countries to study cellphones and cancer (Ms. Mary McBride & Her Connections) - Hermann Paul Schwan (Harlan Girard) - 'Sci-Fi' Weapons Going to War (15/12/02)

Tramès per Klaus Rudolph (Citizens' Initiative Omega)

The Institute of Science in Society Science Society Sustainability

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ISIS miniseries "Fields of Influence"

Electromagnetic radiations are increasingly flooding our environment, as evidence of health risks is mounting, suggesting that organisms are sensitive to very weak electromagnetic fields.

This requires a new biology that understands organisms that has been systematically ignored and excluded from mainstream discourse, to our peril. This miniseries is in four parts:

Electromagnetic Fields Double Leukemia Risks http://www.i-sis.org.uk/FOI1.php
Mobile Phones & Cancer http://www.i-sis.org.uk/FOI2.php
Non-Thermal Effects http://www.i-sis.org.uk/FOI3.php
The Excluded Biology http://www.i-sis.org.uk/FOI4.php

The Excluded Biology

Successive reports have confirmed that electromagnetic fields too weak to cause burns and heating are linked to cancers and other illnesses. But these are still dismissed because of the presumed absence of "possible biological mechanisms" that could account for the effects. Dr. Mae-Wan Ho reveals a biology that can explain the effects, but has been ignored and excluded from mainstream discourse.

The complete document  http://www.i-sis.org.uk/full/FOI4Full.php with references, is available in the ISIS members site
http://www.i-sis.org.uk/membership.php . Full details here

There has been very little funding on research into the biological effects of weak electromagnetic fields. Investigations that are carried out encounter both methodological and conceptual hurdles. The laboratory findings have been conflicting. It is difficult to reproduce the same conditions, as ambient fields can vary from place to place and even in the same location at different times. It is difficult to control for the physiological conditions of the organisms, even if the same cell lines, the same strain of mice are used. But above all, the effects are difficult to explain in terms of known biological mechanisms.

It is true that there is nothing in mainstream mechanistic biology that would enable us to understand how electromagnetic fields below the "thermal threshold" could have any effects. That, despite the fact that consistent changes in gene expression and DNA breakages - considered to the 'most solid' evidence - have now been obtained (see "Mobile phones & cancer", this series http://www.i-sis.org.uk/FOI2.php).

The "thermal threshold" is usually taken to mean the level at which burning or heating occurs. But there is a more important meaning that comes from classical thermodynamics, a subject area that deals with energy transformation. Here, the "thermal threshold" refers to the small fluctuation in energy that occurs at random in a population of molecules at thermodynamic equilibrium.

Some biological effects are indeed associated with electromagnetic fields so weak that the energies in those fields are below the energy of random thermal fluctuations, and thus, according to classical physics, cannot possibly have any effect.

The big fallacy is to assume that living systems are at thermodynamic equilibrium, which they are not. Systems at thermodynamic equilibrium are devoid of organised activities or structures, such as the mixture of gases in a closed airtight container that one finds only in textbooks.

Organisms, in contrast, are open systems maintained far away from thermodynamic equilibrium by virtue of their ability to capture and store energy.

Systems full of non-equilibrium energy are excitable, ie, they need only the slightest provocation to give, at times, disproportionately large effects. Unlike typical mechanical processes where effects are proportional to, and determined by the magnitude of the force, living processes are highly non-linear and unpredictable.

The weather is an example of non-equilibrium, non-linear process. It is predictable locally in the very short-term, but not in the medium and long-term, as typical of systems exhibiting deterministic chaos. Edward Lorenz of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology discovered deterministic chaos in the 1960s while trying to write down mathematical equations that could predict the weather; only to discover that his equations said predictions are impossible.

The weather is 'deterministic' because one can write down equations that describe the process; but the equations give unpredictable, chaotic behaviour. The equations cannot be solved mathematically, but they can be simulated on a computer. Computer simulations clearly show that a slight perturbation, or the tiniest difference in starting conditions, and there is no telling where the system will go. This is the 'butterfly' effect: a proverbial butterfly flapping its wings in the Amazon rainforest could affect the weather in London.

Living processes are the same. The healthy heartbeat, the electrical activities of the brain, the behaviour of ant colonies, ecosystems, and a host of other living functions, all exhibit chaotic dynamical behaviour. They tend to be quasi (almost but not quite)-periodic, the periodicities are a complex of many periods, and they can swing between different quasi-periodic states. But they are not at all random.

One can plot a 'phase-space' diagram of the dynamical behaviour and get weird and wonderful shapes called appropriately, 'strange attractors' which show there is method in the madness. The Lorenz attractor is like a pair of goggles.

We already have examples of living organisms being sensitive to very weak signals in the environment. Pesticides and other industrial poisons are associated with cancers at concentrations of parts per billion (see "Atrazine poisoning worse than suspected", ISIS Report, October 2002 http://www.i-sis.org.uk/atrazine.php).

The upshot is that many of the standard statistical tools are inadequate to cope with biological behaviour. And special statistical techniques have already been borrowed from non-linear physics in order to describe and analyse biological activities. An emerging discipline of 'dynamic diseases' is based on detecting deviations from the chaotic dynamics of healthy biological rhythms. Heartbeat and other biological rhythms can be read in rather the way that traditional Chinese practitioners read an individual's status of health from the person's pulse.

Andrew Marino, a pioneer investigator of the non-thermal effects of electromagnetic fields (see "Non-thermal effects of electromagnetic field", this series), also initiated the use of statistical methods to analyse his experiments on the basis that the biological phenomena under investigation are non-linear.

The reliability of the procedure was tested using pairs of untreated controls, and by sampling a known non-linear system, such as data obtained by computer simulation of the Lorenz equations for a weather system at two different temperatures.

Marino's team found that the untreated pairs of controls gave little or no statistical differences when analysed according to either the linear or the non-linear model. The data from the Lorenz equations, on the other hand, gave no statistically significant difference when analysed with conventional linear statistics, but gave a highly significant difference on the non-linear model.

In replicate experiments, male and female mice were exposed continuously to very weak, 60 Hz electromagnetic field for certain periods of time, and the effect on 20 immune parameters measured. They found that in all the experiment, exposure to the electromagnetic field resulted in statistically significant changes - in four to ten of the parameters - when and only when the response of the animals to the fields was analysed as if it were governed by non-linear dynamics.

Non-linear chaotic dynamics is not the only reason why weak electromagnetic fields should affect living systems.

Robert Becker, Marino's supervisor, had done a series of experiments beginning in the 1950s showing that the body of all organisms has a Direct Current (DC) field, and that electric currents produced all over the body are involved in controlling growth and regeneration. By the 1960s, Becker had already proposed that an electrical communication system exists within all living things, and demonstrated that externally applied fields could influence the processes of growth and regeneration.

The fields and currents identified by Becker were actually found much earlier by another US biologist Harold Saxton Burr. He had proposed in the 1930s that all living things, from men to mice, from trees to seeds, are moulded and controlled by electro-dynamical fields, which he had measured and mapped extensively.

These fields are in addition to the now well-known and accepted electrical activities of the brain that can be measured as electroencephalograms (EEG) and in the pace-maker of the heart as electrocardiograms (ECG).

Electrical activities and ionic currents have also been measured in cultured cells and tissues. And the weak magnetic fields generated by current flows all over the body can now be measured non-invasively with the extremely sensitive Super Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) magnetometer. The evidence is overwhelming that electro-dynamical fields and currents are involved in intercommunication within the body. These fields and currents are connected to and correlated with the EEG and ECG that are a routine part of conventional biomedicine.

The body uses electromagnetic signals of different frequencies and extents to intercommunicate. Hence it would be surprising if external electromagnetic fields did not have an effect. As Gerard Hyland points out, electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones and computers are well known to interfere with electronic medical devices such as pace-makers and telecommunication systems of airplanes. To deny that these radiation could influence the body's own electro-dynamical intercommunication system is irrational to say the least. He is particularly worried about the similarity of mobile phone frequencies to the major EEG frequencies such as alpha and delta waves, and frequencies that could trigger epileptic fits in people suffering from epilepsy.

Ten years ago in my laboratory, we found we could dramatically transform the global body pattern of the fruitfly larva simply by exposing the embryos within the first three hours of development for 30 min to very weak static magnetic fields. The transformation is unique and striking: the normal segmental pattern became twisted towards a helical pattern. In one instance, a completely helical larva was obtained.

These experiments were significant for the following reasons. First, they involved static magnetic fields, so only moving charges or liquid crystals in a high degree of dynamic order could have been affected. Second, the energy in the fields were well below the threshold of random thermal fluctuations, and the only way they could have an effect is if the embryos were in an excitable, non-equilibrium state. Third, the global transformations indicate that the embryos must be coherent to a high degree. It means that all the molecules in the body of the embryo must be moving together in a correlated way, which incidentally also increased its sensitivity to weak fields.

We have repeated and extended these experiments, which suggested that the effects of weak electromagnetic fields on body pattern formation is non-classical. In other words, it suggested that the embryo is quantum coherent.

We have since obtained further evidence of the global coherence that exists in living organisms. The molecules are moving together so perfectly that the entire body appears liquid crystalline (see "What Barrier?" ISIS Report November 2002

This new biology that I have sketched out, that enables us to understand, not only the sensitivity of organisms to weak electromagnetic fields, but also the holistic health practices of many cultural traditions, is being systematically ignored and excluded from mainstream discourse, while we continue to be poisoned with a range of environmental pollutants and by the 'side-effects' of drugs from conventional reductionist mechanistic medicine.

The complete document  http://www.i-sis.org.uk/full/FOI4Full.php with references, is available in the ISIS members site
http://www.i-sis.org.uk/membership.php . Full details here

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RE: 13 countries to study cellphones and cancer
Ms. Mary McBride & Her Connections

Have a look at: The Wireless Information Resource Centre http://www.wirc.org/about/board.shtml
and there is Vice Chair:
Mary Louise McBride
Epidemiologist, Cancer Control Research, British Columbia Cancer Agency. Scientific Director, Cancer Registry

Excerpt from a message from Ronald Macfarlane to Roy Beavers, message forwarded by Robert Riedlinger from a Panel Presentation of February 7, 2000, personal notes of Ronald Macfarlane):

Ms. Mary McBride read out the conclusions of the Royal Society stating that SC 6 was adequate and that more research was needed in selected areas. One of these areas was epidemiology (her area of specialization), another was thermal effects on eyes. She agreed that non-thermal biological effects have been documented but pointed out that "biological effects are not the same as health effects." Dr. Bradley repeated this as well during questioning.  She also stated that what we needed were studies showing a strong "causal" information rather than just an "association". She didn't bother to point out that epidemiological studies (which she advocated) may demonstrate "association" but don't demonstrate "causation". Other types of research are needed for this.

She questioned the none-linearity of responses (i.e. no obvious dose/response relationship for some tests) and stated that a large number of studies were negative.  This concept of dose/response was challenged by both Drs. Lai and Havas and by a member of the audience. Dr. Allan Frey thinks the classical toxicology model may not be appropriate for EMFs and that the analogy of a radio (that elicits a response only when it is tuned to a specific frequencies and intensity) may be a more appropriate model for electromagnetic bioeffects. Dr. Lai commented that many biological activities don't follow a linear dose/response model and that was not a good reason to reject the experiments.

Dear Dr. Ho:  I am sitting in the Van Pelt Library of the University of Pennsylvania and typing this note. H.P.S. is emeritus professor of Biomedical Electronic Engineering at Penn. I have been very interested in Schwan since 1984, when I enrolled in the University to  work toward a graduate degree in Landscape Architecture. One month later my life was irretievably altered when I was coopted into some Nazi-style research of Schwan's in which it was expected that I would die, and thus be unable to sully his reputation. I simply would like to advise you that in 1953, Schwan's first doctoral candidate was graduated and went to work at Fort Deitrich, Maryland, the Army's chemical and biological warfare center. By virtue of this happy circumstance, Schwan had his own Top Secret clearance from Ft. Deitrich by 1957. In other words, every statement he has ever made on any subject since then has been tainted by his close association with the military-industrial complex. It is hard for me to understand why anyone who is NOT an American would accept anything Schwan has ever said as having any scientific validity. His livelihood and scientific standing have depended from the very first on his willingness to lie along the lines dictated to him.
According to his Paperclip file, Schwan himself was not a Nazi but his immediate superior was a member of the Party and wrote a recommendation for him. However, given the industry with which Schwan applied himself once installed at the University of Pennsylvania and the enthusiasm with which he allowed himself to be corrupted by the American military, I would NOT be surprised if I found out that Schwan was a member of the Nazi Party himself or, even, performed human experiments in the Nazi death camps. He certainly would have if he had been asked. 

Harlan Girard
Omega: Interesting Link: http://www.heart7.net/mcf/archv-hm.htm

'Sci-Fi' Weapons Going to War


Informant: Member of the Bavarian Parliament Volker Hartenstein

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