* Prof. Olle Johansson
is answering a question from a concerned - Dr. Raúl Montenegro introduces
the work of FUNAM - EMF-News (1/10/02)
Tramès per Klaus Rudolph (Citizens'
Many thanks for the information you
spread. I'm professor of Evolutionary Biology at the National University
of Cordoba and director of the Master on Environmental management in the
National University of San Luis.
We are working in the developmnent of precautionary standards and precautionary
principles (to be used for all those variables with too high legal standards,
or not actualized legal standards). E.g. in magnetic fields. In Argentina
the legal standard is 25 uT (Resolution 77/98), but according the last
metaepidemiological analysis the precautionary limit could be moved to
0,3 uT (Greenland et al, 2000; Ahlbom et al, 2000). We also developed
the concept of "popular epidemiology" for promoting the use
of such instrument within communities without official epidemiological
studies. I presented both criteria in my speach at the Conference on Children's
Environmental Health (Georgetown University, september 2001).
Your work help a lot of people.
Dr. Raúl A. Montenegro, Biólogo
Presidente de FUNAM (Fundación para la defensa del ambiente)
Casilla de Correo 83, Correo Central
(5000) Cordoba, Argentina
Tel +54-351-4557710 y 4551441 (Montenegro)
Tel +54-351-4690282 (FUNAM)
Fax +54-351-4520260 (FUNAM)
Radioaviso: Tel +54-351-4521313, dejar mensaje para clave 2521
FUNAM es una ONG fundada en 1982. Tiene status consultivo en el Consejo
Económico y Social de Naciones Unidas (ECOSOC). FUNAM es Premio Global
500 de Naciones Unidas.
FUNAM is an NGO created in 1982. FUNAM has consultative status at the
Economic and Social Council of United Nations (ECOSOC). Global 500 Award
from United Nations.
Non-Lethal Weapons Shoot
By Elliot Borin
2:00 a.m. Sep. 30, 2002 PDT
Its mission seems as humane as
it is clear: to develop "weapons that are explicitly designed and
primarily employed so as to incapacitate personnel or material, while
minimizing fatalities, permanent injury to personnel, and undesired damage
to property and the environment."
To some critics, however, the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate (JNLWD),
established by Congress in 1997 under Marine Corps command, is obsessed
with developing a high-tech arsenal that contravenes U.S. and international
"Forcing drugs on large crowds of civilians is not a cool and high-tech
war of tomorrow," said Edward Hammond of the Sunshine Project, an
international network of activists against biotech weapons. "It's
not gee-whiz, it's not Star Trek, it's not our big, bright technological
future. It is sick and repugnant.... It is illegal."
Other critics contend non-lethal weapons are too soft a solution.
According to a report by Lt. Colonel Margaret-Anne Coppernoll of the Army
National Guard, non-lethal weapons "not only fail to strengthen the
nation's position when dealing with (irrational) adversaries but convey
that it is too squeamish to inflict serious harm on enemies or to accept
But one member of a National Academy of Sciences panel assessing the role
of non-lethal weapons maintains that the truth is situational. The panel
member, who requested anonymity pending the release of the group's report
later this year, said: "There is no such thing as a lethal or non-lethal
weapon; the determinant is the application." The panel member used
the Cold War nuclear arms race to illustrate the point. "It is a
tough stretch to envision a scenario for the non-lethal application of
a nuclear bomb, yet we and the Soviets fought the Cold War almost entirely
with nuclear weapons. And, at least after the long-term effects of exposure
to radiation were understood and taken into account in testing, we never
killed a soul," the panel member said. "All those latter-day
nuclear bomb tests weren't really tests -- the science was proven. They
were the strategic use of the most deadly weapons ever invented to impress
and give pause to a sworn enemy who might be considering an attack. "The
amazing thing was it worked brilliantly. Nuclear deterrence was the most
successful enforcer of peace between superpowers in the history of mankind."
The source cited "taggants" -- invisible bio-organisms that
are painted on a small part of a structure, grow until they cover the
entire building, and can be remotely triggered to illuminate and provide
a homing signal for bombers or missiles -- as an example of an "ethically
neutral" JNLWD project.
"Paint a taggant on an oil-storage tank and it's a non-lethal weapon,"
the panel member said. "Paint it on a munitions factory and it's
a lethal weapon."
A survey of a few JNLWD projects makes clear the difficulty of classifying
non-lethal weapons technologies.
Item: calmatives, better known as psychotropic, central nervous system
depressants or, more simply, downers. The JNLWD is studying their use
-- including such substances as fentanyls (an ultra-potent, heroin-like
synthetic) and rohypnol, aka "roofies," the so-called date-rape
drug -- as crowd-control mechanisms. Opponents say the use of all such
drugs is banned by the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention.
The Sunshine Project claims the JNLWD has an "advanced development
program for long-range delivery devices for (such) chemicals, in particular
a 'non-lethal' 81mm mortar round with a range of 2.5 kilometers which
is designed to work in standard-issue U.S. military weapons (like) M252
The anti-bioweapons group also accuses the JNLWD of considering the use
of the sedative Precedex, which increases a patient's sensitivity to electroshock,
as an instrument of torture.
Item: active-denial weapons (ADWs), which fire wide-angle 95 gigahertz
electromagnetic waves that heat water molecules in the outer skin and
cause debilitating pain. Critics contend ADWs target innocent bystanders
as well as enemies, and say the temptation to crank up the power to "kill"
level may prove irresistible.
Item: genetically engineered anti-material agents (GAMAs), man-made micro-organisms
that eat things like concrete, metal, asphalt, paint and plastic. GAMAs
could theoretically be used to slowly and stealthily destroy military
airstrips -- or create World Trade Center-magnitude disasters.
Opponents say GAMAs violate a Geneva Protocol, ratified by Congress in
1975, prohibiting bacteriological weapons. Proponents say non-lethal bioengineered
substances are exempt.
Item: veiling-glare lasers. Researchers hope wide-angle laser beams in
the violet to ultraviolet spectrum will blind enemies by making their
eyes fluoresce, that is, glow.
The JNLWD says temporarily blinding enemies is legal under a 1996 Geneva
Convention vision-weapon protocol. Critics say such weapons could cause
permanent eye damage, making them illegal.
After seeing this group based on EMF, I have found some form of help for
the damage that it has caused on our bodies. I am posting a link to show
some testing, from some major universities, done on a cellular level of
what EMF causes our blood cells to do.
I was interested in just how
much damage actually is caused by the EMF's. Then to find that the levels
of EMF very from each different kind of device that uses the electricty.
The link I posted in connected to a full site called DocGadget.com
I did find it reasurring that there is a form of help for our never ending
use of electricity and the damage we are causing ourselves.
From Justin, email@example.com