Questions For Engineer
As a qualified expert and RF consultant, before the auto accident,
performed many of these for municipalities. They would send
all of the
submittals to me - everything that was submitted with the application
including the propagation charts and drive test data. I have
engineer so the client got a delux work product for their money
were very expensive). Understand not everyone who works for
municipality is to be distrusted. Every one of the municipalities
contacted me really did want the truth. We always gave them
case/worst case and best alternative. It's a little disturbing
will not have a chance to see the engineering consultant face
It is always best to look at the whole proposal and then
look at the
proposed location. I have not seen any of these materials
case, but I will offer a few questions.
First, you want to know if the engineer is NARTE certified.
You want to
clearly define the area that the facility is being proposed
Ask about the system specifics (how many radios, how much
face, what frequencies will be used etc.).
You also want all of the specifics on the set-up antenna.
Ask if it
isn't true that there is a way that they can back that power
down a bit
and still have more radios.
Ask if it isn't true that there really is no such thing as
Ask if the transmissions will come into your yard/home/body
you will not be subscribing to the service.
Ask if he knows of any studies that show that people exposed
exact system specifics will not be at risk.
Ask what can be done if you do not wish to take that risk
Ask for a copy of the proposed (not yet adopted) safety guidelines
lists the studies that are being taken into consideration.
Let us know what happens.
Message from Kathy Hawk
meeting to tackle fears
Opposition to the siting of new police communication masts
is to be addressed at a public meeting. Devon and Cornwall
holding a discussion in St Ives on Wednesday night in an attempt
answer objections to the positioning of the Tetra mast system.
Protests have been held across the county, including Bossiney
Cornwall, because residents fear the masts emit harmful radiation.
Masts are to be installed to improve radio links for the emergency
services as part of a £3bn network funded by the government.
The officer in charge of the scheme in Cornwall, Chief Inspector
Calver, said the meeting would help residents understand the
needs of the police. "I think it is important we try
to help the public
understand our desperate need, as a police service, for a
communications system so we can do the job better in the communities
that we serve. "We don't like being in conflict with
the public and
sometimes there is misinformation and misunderstanding,"
Story from BBC NEWS:
Published: 2003/05/28 15:42:41 GMT
© BBC MMIII
Informant: Robert Riedlinger
fear loss of privacy as science pries into brain
By Carey Goldberg, Globe Staff, 5/1/2003
sing magnetic resonance imaging machines that detect the
ebb and flow of
brain activity, researchers have become so good at peering
workings of the human mind that their work is raising a new
personal ethical concern: brain privacy.
One study of white students found that although they expressed
conscious racism, the seat of fear in their brains still fired
when they looked at unfamiliar black faces than at unfamiliar
faces. Another recent imaging study reported that certain
parts of the
brain work harder when a person is lying than when telling
raising the prospect of a brain-based lie detector.
A marketing research company is already starting to use the
gauge consumers' unconscious preferences by looking at the
brain activity as they respond to products or messages. Though
scientists are nowhere near reading minds, their mounting
mapping brains is sparking a discussion that echoes recent
preserving the privacy of people's genes. The issues of brain
however, hold the potential for even more heat, say scientists
ethicists who are beginning to address them.
"Everybody's worried about genetic privacy, but brain
actually much more interesting," said Steven E. Hyman,
University's provost and a neuroscientist.
The need for discussing brain privacy is urgent, said Arthur
director of the University of Pennsylvania's Center for Bioethics.
you were to ask me what the ethical hot potato of this coming
is, I'd say it's new knowledge of the brain, its structure,
function." Most people feel a much greater sense of privacy
brains than their genes, Caplan and other ethicists say. Genes
critical but complex roles in what people become, while "your
more associated with you," Caplan said.
Brain-scanning is too new and imperfect to have engendered
tales of invasion of brain privacy, but controversy is easy
What if a court, a potential employer, or a suspicious spouse
scan an individual's brain for telltale signs of something
prefer not be known or something the individual may not even
know about himself?
What if scans could be used to check a soldier for homosexuality?
potential parolee for lingering violent impulses? Or a would-be
for a susceptibility to major depression?
Such questions are part of neuroethics, as the field is called
participants in the fast-growing discussion of ethical implications
the explosion of knowledge about the brain.
A handful of neuroethics conferences have been in the United
the last year or two. Emory University is holding a faculty
neuroethics in mid-May. The American Association for the Advancement
Science plans a meeting on the legal implications of neuroscience
If the brain privacy debate follows the model of genetic
which focused on concerns that genetic information could be
employers, insurers, and others -- it will lead to the proposal
laws. It could also influence ethical guidelines for the operators
brain-scanning machines and help bring public opinion to bear
scientists and policy makers.
So far, the discussion is full of caveats. The automobile-sized
scanners needed to image brain activity are too expensive,
million or $3 million, and need too much expertise to be used
nonscientists, say researchers. Also, existing rules about
on humans protect subjects from coercion.
Functional MRI -- the hottest of current brain-monitoring
though far from the only one -- uses magnetism to peer into
just like any medical MRI. But it also picks up jumps in oxygen
signal added activity in particular spots, illuminating them
Though fMRI is broadly accepted as a valid way to track brain
it is still relatively new, and many of the exciting findings
which areas of the brain ''light up'' during certain activities
rolled out only in the last couple of years and are far from
established. As the technology has improved in speed and accuracy,
functional MRI studies have been growing, and many of their
findings are striking.
Consider a Yale experiment published in 2000 that appeared
unconscious racism in white students. The students reported
racism, but when they were scanned, the amygdala, which generates
registers fear and is also associated with emotional learning,
more when students were shown unfamiliar black faces than
white faces. They showed no amygdala response to familiar
''You can see that as an indicant of the kinds of things that
unearthed about people,'' said Michael S. Gazzaniga director
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at Dartmouth College, who
on a book about neuroethics. ''That's an issue.''
Work published last year by Dr. Daniel D. Langleben, assistant
of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania, indicated
areas of the brain show more activation when people lie. His
now trying to see whether they can use the technique to produce
effective lie detector, one that would far outperform the
Mind-reading is decades away, Langleben said, but ''if you
questions properly, lots of questions that are in the realm
mind-reading probably can be answered using existing neuroscience
functional imaging techniques.''
If a truly accurate lie detector could be developed, Caplan
current privacy guarantees might not provide enough protection
scanning requests from courts, the government, the military,
Other imaging work has turned up results that could prove
useful, including visible hallmarks of depression and signs
disabilities. But those findings, too, raise questions.
Scanning could prove a boon to psychiatrists and mental patients,
helping sort out diagnoses and by leading researchers toward
better treatments. But what if someone with no symptoms is
having a tendency toward mental illness because of a brain
Other questions abound. ''Brain scientists have recently
cerebral area involved in intention, the region responsible
thoughts are converted into actions,'' Bruce H. Hinrichs,
psychology at Century College in Minnesota, wrote in the magazine
''Perhaps child molesters and other criminals in the future
headgear that will monitor that brain region in order to determine
their intentions will be carried out,'' Hinrichs wrote. ''Would
a reasonable method of crime prevention or a human rights
He also identified the ''insidious threat'' that corporations
to worm their way into consumers' minds.
But brain-based marketing research has already begun. BrightHouse
Institute for Thought Sciences, an Atlanta company, announced
summer that it was starting to apply MRI scanning to the task
determining people's likes and dislikes, providing what it
''unprecedented insight'' into consumers' minds and seeking
understand ''the true drivers of consumer behavior.'' Clint
professor of psychiatry at Emory University Medical School
scientific director at BrightHouse Institute, said he had
at the level of concern people expressed about the prospect
marketers could be trying to get inside their heads. ''We're
observational science,'' he said. ''We expose subjects to
stimuli, but we don't have the ability to change their perception
Caplan predicted that the first time neuroethics becomes
issue will be in the courtroom. Some lawyers have already
tried to use
brain scans to absolve their clients of responsibility, he
There are also questions of employment: For example, what
became a condition of employment, like drug testing?
Such a scenario is many years away, but knowledge, often
knowledge, of the use of brain scanners is spreading fast,
too, creates the potential for abuse. Within a few years,
predicted, there will even be a television show that sensationalizes
scanning, with a name like ''Is Your Brain Bad?''
Carey Goldberg can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
This story ran on page A1 of the Boston Globe on 5/1/2003.
© Copyright 2003 Globe Newspaper Company.
Powell was under pressure to use shaky intelligence on Iraq:
Fri May 30, 8:42 PM ET
Informant: Harlan Girard
question about height
Hope all are doing fine. I would like to express my gratitude
who have been providing us with information. Your assistance
I would like to ask a few questions:
1) Do you know how short the buildings on which base-station
would be installed can be according to FCC laws? For instance
antennas be installed on buildings that are only 30-35 feet?
2) Is there a relation or a table that links the minimum height
antennas to the amount of power they emit?
Some very important themes:
was under pressure to use shaky intelligence on Iraq: report
WASHINGTON (AFP) - US Secretary of State Colin Powel was under
persistent pressure from the Pentagon and White House to include
questionable intelligence in his report on Iraq's weapons
destruction he delivered at the United Nations last February,
Eyes Massive Covert Attack on Iran
Project for the New American Century
Informant: Heather L. Tarrant
Informant: Heather L. Tarrant
The Week of Funerals
IN the past week 10 U.S. soldiers have died and 18 have been
Informant: Heather L. Tarrant
Security and Support Democracy in Iraq