In a message dated 9/17/2004
5:30:10 PM US Mountain Standard Time, firstname.lastname@example.org writes:
CONSTITUTION DAY: 1787-2004
States of New-Hanpshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Mr. Hamilton from
New York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia,
North-Carolina, South-Carolina and Georgia:
the preceding Constitution be laid before the United States in Congress
assembled, and that it is the opinion of this Convention, that it
should afterwards be submitted to a Convention of Delegates, chosen in
each State by the People thereof, under the Recommendation of its
Legislature, for their Assent and Ratification; and that each
Convention assenting to, and ratifying the Same, should give Notice
thereof to the United States in Congress assembled.
That it is the Opinion of this Convention, that as soon as the
Conventions of nine States shall have ratified this Constitution, the
United States in Congress assembled should fix a Day on which Electors
should be appointed by the States which shall have ratified the same,
and a Day on which the Electors should assemble to vote for the
President, and the Time and Place for commencing Proceedings under this
Constitution. That after such Publication the Electors should be
appointed, and the Senators and Representatives elected: That the
Electors should meet on the Day fixed for the Election of the
President, and should transmit their Votes cetified, signed, sealed and
directed, as the Constitution requires, to the Secretary of the United
States in Congress assembled, that the Senators and Representatives
should convene at the Time and Place assigned; that the Senators should
appoint a President of the Senate, for the sole Purpose of receiving,
opening and counting the Votes for the President; and, that after he
shall be chosen, the Congress, together with the President, should,
without Delay, proceed to execute this Constitution.
Unanimous Order of the Convention,
William Jackson, Secretary.
48 Stat. 1, Public Law No. 1
The Emergency Banking Relief
March 9, 1933
"If ever this vast
country is brought under a single government, it will be one of the
most extensive corruption, indifferent and incapable of a wholesome
casre over so wide a spread of surface. This will not be borne, and you
will have to choose between REFORMATION and REVOLUTION. If I know the
spirit of this country, the one or the other is inevitable, BEFORE ITS
VENOM HAS REACHED SO MUCH OF THE BODY POLITIC AS TO GET BEYOND CONTROL,
REMEDY SHOULD BE APPLIED." -- Thomas Jefferson
"The dissolution of the
monetary system created by the Bretton Woods Agreements can be traced
to the early 1960s. The monetary system during this time period made a
DE FACTO TRANSITION from a gold standard to a dollar standard. . . The
reality of dollar convertibility ended." (Public Law 94-569, 90 Stat.
2660, at pg. 5936)
"By a continuing procss of
INFLATION, governments can confiscate, secretly and unobserved, an
important part of the wealth of its citizens. There is no sublter, no
surer means of overturning the existing basis of socirty than to
debauch (DESTROY!) the currency. The process engages all the hidden
forces of economic law on the side of destruction, and does it in such
a manner which not one man in a million is able to diagnose." -- John
Maynard Keynes, "The Economic Consequences Of Peace", 1920.
"In the absence of legal
reserve requirements, BANKS CAN BUILD UP
DEPOSITS BY INCREASING LOANS (Think
about that!) and investments so long
as they keep enough currency on hand to redeem whatever amounts the
holders of deposits want to convert into currency. This unique
attribute of the banking business was discovered centuries ago. . .
Then bankers discovered that they could make loans merely by giving
borrowers their promises to pay (bank notes). In this way, BANKS BEGAN
TO CREATE MONEY" (Out of thin air...
nothing at risk!). -- "Modern Money
Mechanics", Federal Reserve of Chicago.
"IF THE MEDIUM which
the government was AUTHORIZED (by the Constitution!) to create and
establish could immediately BE EXPELLED, and substituted by one
it had neither created, estimated, nor authorized - ONE POSSESSING
NO INTRINSIC VALUE - the power conferred by the Constitution
would be useless - wholly fruitless of every end it was designed to
accomplish." -- U.S. Supreme Court: United States vs. Marigold,
50 U.S. 560, 13 L.Ed. (9 Howard) 257.
"Bank notes are the
representatives of money and circulated as such only by the general
consent and usage of the community. But this consent and usage are
based upon the CONVERTABILITY of such notes into coin at the pleasure
of the holder upon their presentation to the bank for redemption. THIS
IS THE VITAL PRINICIPLE WHICH SUSTAINS THEIR CHARACTER AS MONEY. So
long as they are, in fact, what they purport to be, payable on demand
common consent gives them the ordinary attributes of money. But upon
failure of the bank for which they were issued, when its doors were
closed, then its INABILITY TO REDEEM ITS BILLS is openly avowed, THEY
INSTANTLY LOSE THE CHARACTER OF MONEY, THEIR CIRCULATION AS CURRENCY
CEASES with the usage and consent upon which it rested and the notes
become a mere dishonored and depreciated evidence of debt." -- Westfall
vs. Braley, 100 Ohio 188, 75 American Decisions 509.
31 U.S.C. 314.
Standard unit of value
The dollar of gold
nine-tenths fine consisting of the weight determined under the
provisions of section 821 of this title shall be the standard unit of
value, and all forms of money issues or cointed by the United States
shall be maintained at a parity of value with this standard, and it
shall be the duty of the Secretary of Treasury to maintain such parity.
31 U.S.C. 321.
Standard for silver coins
The standard for silver coins
of the United States shall be such that of one thousand parts be weight
nine hundred shall be of pure metal and one hundred of alloy. The alloy
of the silver coins shall be of copper.
FEDERAL RESERVE NOTES
12 U.S.C. 411
Issuance to reserve banks; nature of obligation; redemption
Federal reserve notes, to be
issued at the discretion of the Federal Reserve Board [Board of
Governors of the Federal Reserve System] for the purpose of making
advances to Federal reserve banks through the Federal Reserve agents as
hereinafter set forth and for no other purpose, are hereby authorized.
The said notes shall be obligations of the United States and shall be
receivable by all national and member banks and Federal reserve banks
and for all taxes, customs, and other public dues. THEY
SHALL BE REDEEMED IN LAWFUL MONEY ON DEMAND at the
Treasury Department of the United States, in the city of Washington,
District of Columbia, or at any Federal reserve bank. (Dec. 13, 1913)
THE ONLY STATUTE
DECLARING DOLLARS AT THIS POINT IN TIME IS 31 U.S.C. 5112
The American Gold Eagle
Act of 1985
Federal Reserve Notes
are not legally 'Notes' because they do not promise to pay anyone at
anytime and are no longer redeemable in lawful money... and they are
A 'Dollar' is a weight
Here is Congressman Philp
Crane of Illinois.
He was the author of the
American Gold (*and Silver) Eagle Act of 1985:
"The power to coin money is
expressly delegated to Congress under Article I, Section 8 of the
Constitution. The meaning of the phrase is clear, but Congress has been
ignoring it for the past 70 years, ever since it delegated power to the
Federal Reserve System to print money and create credit ex nihilo. Over
those 70 years, our Nation has been plagued with the worst depression,
inflation, unemployments, recessions, bankruptcy, and interest rates in
our history. Nothing we suffered under an imperfect standard during the
19th century can compare to the damage our economy has sustained under
the management of the Federal Reserve.
The authors of the Constitution wrote Article I, Section 8 precisely
for the purpose of outlawing the type of monetary system we now have.
The use of the word coin rather than the word print, or the phrase emit
bills of credit, was deliberately placed in the Constitution as a
reaction to the debacle created by paper money printed and issued by
the Continental Congress during the Revolutionary War. It is
significant to note that this power of coining money is mentioned in
the same sentence in the Constitution as the power to fix the standards
of weights and measures, for the framers regarded money as a weight of
metal and a measure of value.
For decades now, but especially for the past 10 years, we have had a
medium of exchange, the Federal Reserve note, which is fluctuating in
its value. As Roger Sherman, a delegate to the Constitutional
Convention wrote, "If what is used as a medium of exchange is
fluctuating in its value, it is no better than unjust weights and
measures * * * which are condemned by the Laws of God and man." With
the issuance of new gold coins by the Treasury, the Federal Reserve's
monopoly on money will be challenged. The American
Gold Eagle Coin Act of 1985 represents a major step toward replacement
of our present irredeemable paper money system with a gold based system." See:
Congressional Record â€“ House, Extension Of Remarks, January 3,
1985, pgs. 469, 470)
The inhabitants of
Washington, D.C. are accustomed to defrauding the public and have been
directly engaged in the activity for over a century. They contrived the
entire systematic scheme, pledged the full faith and credit on debt
instruments ("public obligations" - FRNs - 12 USC 411), debased the
coinage (18 USC 332 - Public Law 89-81), dishonored and disavowed
payment of those instruments (Public Law 90-269), sell the gold and
silver Coins to the public at higher than face value [exchange
value - 31 USC 5112(f)], and then claim that they are one-for-one,
dollar-for-dollar value and that they cannot be held liable for their
illicit acts and continued miscreant behavior.
"The Constitution of the United States does not secure to anyone the
privilege of defrauding the public." Eaton v. Iowa, 188 U.S.
452, 454 (1903) The statute and systematic scheme is patently
unconstitutional as violating the equal weights and measures clause. See:
Constitution, Article I, Section 8, Clause 5. Congressman, Philip
Crane clearly stated the matter and the consequences of this continued
The State and its political
subdivisions are not authorized to directly or indirectly implement or
engage in any act or series of acts that violate clearly enunciated
prohibitions. Craig v. Missouri, 29 US 410 (1830). The State is
strictly prohibited from directly or indirectly emitting Bills of
Credit and from "making any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in
Payment of Debts." Falsely passing the blame off on Congress while
claiming benefit of the same illicit and unconstitutional acts is the
epitome of gross public corruption.
What is the solution?
The remedy is resetting
the governmental structure under the Law of Nations to the STANDARD
Ordained and Established by the Constitution for the United States of
America, September 17, 1787, its lawful Bill of Rights: the First Ten
Amendments, December 15, 1791, and the Coinage Act of January 12, 1792.